Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on organ donation among students and lecturers in Quito, Ecuador

  1. Sueny Paloma Lima Dos Santos 13
  2. Rueda Gómez, C A 34
  3. María José Fernández Gómez 12
  4. Javier Martín Vallejo 12
  1. 1 Statistics Department, Salamanca University, Salamanca, Spain
  2. 2 Biostatistics Unit, Institute for Biomedical Research of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
  3. 3 Nursing Faculty, Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
  4. 4 Veterinary Faculty, The Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
European Journal of Public Health

ISSN: 1101-1262

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 30

Issue: Supplement_5

Type: Note

DOI: 10.1093/EURPUB/CKAA166.448 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: European Journal of Public Health


Cited by

  • Dimensions Cited by: 0 (22-03-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Impact Factor: 3.367
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 3.284
  • Article influence score: 1.252
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 72/203 (Ranking edition: SCIE)
  • Area: PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 45/176 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2020
  • SJR Journal Impact: 1.056
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 107/622


  • Social Sciences: A

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2020
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 4.0
  • Area: Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health Percentile: 75

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.91
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 118/376


(Data updated as of 22-03-2023)
  • Total citations: 0
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  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 0.0


Countries have reported that people's attitudes towards organ donation are influenced by knowledge, education and religion. In Ecuador, more than 800 patients are on the waiting list for an organ; likewise, the population does not recognize the importance of the donation. Although, since 2011, the Organic Law of Donation and Transplantation of Organs, Tissues and Cells states that all Ecuadorians are donors, but still, the high number of people on the waiting list is not well understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors towards organ donation of students and lecturers of the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador. This is a cross-sectional study, and the universe was the entire population; however, only 469 (students) and 321 (lecturers) answered, despite our efforts. We applied an anonymously validated questionnaire, and we sent it for five months by email. 89.8% of students and lecturers agreed with the donation; however, 10.2% of the students refused, and 14.6% of lecturers were undecided (p < 0.001). The highest hesitation was found in the age group between 36-64 years (14.2%), while the most refusal was found in the young adult, 9.4%. 40.1% of them alluded to have regular knowledge, while 27.9% claimed to have low knowledge about organ donation (p = 0.016). Based on their opinion, 65.9% said that a person with brain death could not recover, although 26.9% did not know (p = 0.023). 38.9% affirmed they did not know if their religions agreed with the donation. 78.5% claimed the best methods could increase the number of donors is education. Public health in Ecuador does not have sufficient regulations through its state policies that should favour recipients. If each citizen knows that their organs save lives, the waiting list will decrease, and state expenditures will reduce. However, the populations' beliefs are still related to an abuse of authority to donate organs without the consent of relatives.