An Exploratory Investigation of UAS Regulations in Europe and the Impact on Effective Use and Economic Potential

  1. Alamouri, Ahmed
  2. Lampert, Astrid
  3. Gerke, Markus
  4. González Aguilera, Diego ed. lit. 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Salamanca

    Universidad de Salamanca

    Salamanca, España



ISSN: 2504-446X

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 5

Issue: 3

Pages: 63

Type: Article

DOI: 10.3390/DRONES5030063 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Drones


Cited by

  • Web of Science Cited by: 12 (09-09-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 10 (30-03-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Impact Factor: 5.532
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 4.848
  • Article influence score: 0.89
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: REMOTE SENSING Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 10/34 (Ranking edition: SCIE)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2021
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.995
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Information Systems Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 82/380
  • Area: Computer Science Applications Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 171/791
  • Area: Aerospace Engineering Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 21/140
  • Area: Control and Systems Engineering Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 66/281
  • Area: Artificial Intelligence Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 79/286

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2021
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 7.2
  • Area: Aerospace Engineering Percentile: 91
  • Area: Computer Science Applications Percentile: 83
  • Area: Information Systems Percentile: 83
  • Area: Control and Systems Engineering Percentile: 82
  • Area: Artificial Intelligence Percentile: 76

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.94
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: REMOTE SENSING Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 18/57


(Data updated as of 30-03-2023)
  • Total citations: 10
  • Recent citations: 10


Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) have rapidly become more common in various applications. At the same time, the need for a safe UAS operation is of great importance to minimize and avoid risks that could arise with the deployment of this technology. With these requirements, UAS regulators in the European Union (EU) are making large efforts to enable a reliable legal framework of conditions for UAS operation to keep up with new capabilities of this technology and to minimize the risk of property damage and, most importantly, human injury. A recent outcome of the mentioned efforts is that new EU drone regulations are into force since 1 January 2021. In this paper we aim to provide a sound overview of recent EU drone regulations and the main changes to the rules since the first wave of regulations adopted in 2017. We highlight how such new rules help or hinder the use of UAS technology and its economic potential in scientific and commercial sectors by providing an exploratory investigation of UAS legal frames in Europe. An example of the impact of legislation on the operation of one particular UAS in Germany is provided, which has been in use since 2013 for atmospheric research.

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