Al oeste del Sella. Geoarqueología y cronoestratigrafía del registro del Pleistoceno superior de la cueva de El Cierro (Fresnu, Ribadesella, Asturias, España)

  1. Jesús Francisco Jordá Pardo 1
  2. Pilar Carral González 2
  3. David Álvarez Alonso
  4. Pablo Arias Cabal 3
  5. Julián Bécares Pérez 4
  6. Miriam Cubas Morera 5
  7. Sergio Martín Jarque 4
  8. Rodrigo Portero Hernández 4
  9. Luis César Teira Mayolini 3
  10. Esteban Álvarez Fernández 4
  1. 1 Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

    Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

    Madrid, España


  2. 2 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

    Madrid, España


  3. 3 Universidad de Cantabria

    Universidad de Cantabria

    Santander, España


  4. 4 Universidad de Salamanca

    Universidad de Salamanca

    Salamanca, España


  5. 5 Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi
Boletín geológico y minero

ISSN: 0366-0176

Year of publication: 2018

Volume: 129

Issue: 1-2

Pages: 207-250

Type: Article

DOI: 10.21701/BOLGEOMIN.129.1.009 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Boletín geológico y minero


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 3 (18-05-2023)
  • Dialnet Metrics Cited by: 3 (02-06-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 4 (22-05-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 6 (30-03-2023)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2018
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.222
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Geology Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 176/296
  • Area: Geochemistry and Petrology Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 126/257


  • Social Sciences: C

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2018
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.8
  • Area: Geology Percentile: 26
  • Area: Geochemistry and Petrology Percentile: 19

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2018
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.12
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: GEOLOGY Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 53/57


(Data updated as of 30-03-2023)
  • Total citations: 6
  • Recent citations: 3
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 1.52


The Cierro Cave (Fresno, Ribadesella, Asturias) is a karst cavity located in the west bank of the Sella river and developed in the Carboniferous limestone of the Asturian Massif of the Cantabrian Range (northern Iberian Peninsula). This cave contains an important sedimentary, archaeological and palaeontological record of the Upper Pleistocene and Early Holocene with abundant technological remains (lithic and bone industries) and bone remains of mammals and others vertebrates. The archaeological record starts with a probably Middle Palaeolithic level, followed by a complete sequence of the Upper Paleolithic, with a Lower Magdalenian level clearly identified and dated, and ends with levels of the Late Upper Magdalenian/Azilian and the Mesolithic forming three shell middens. The stratigraphic sequence consists of fourteen levels grouped in two litostratigraphic units with very different sedimentary characteristics studied by geoarchaeological methods. The lower unit is characterized by the significant presence of siliceous sands and silts while the upper unit is formed by three anthropic shell middens cemented by carbonates. This paper analyzes the lithostratigraphic sequence and shows the results of the granulometric, mineralogical, edaphic and radiometric analysis. These results allows us to interpret precisely the lithostratigraphy of the deposits and the sedimentary and diagenetic processes responsible for their formation and evolution. In addition, the radiocarbon dates obtained allow us to place the upper levels of the clastic sequence in the GS 2b and the lower shell midden in GI 1 and GS 1 at the end of the Upper Pleistocene, while the upper shell midden would be located in the Boreal cronozona in the Early Holocene.