Reconocimiento falso y ansiedad estado/rasgo

  1. María Soledad Beato 1
  2. Ramón F. Pulido 1
  3. Maria Salome Pinho 2
  4. Margarita Gozalo 3
  1. 1 Universidad de Salamanca (España)
  2. 2 Universidad de Coimbra (Portugal)
  3. 3 Universidad de Extremadura (España)
Psicológica: Revista de metodología y psicología experimental

ISSN: 1576-8597

Ano de publicación: 2013

Volume: 34

Número: 2

Páxinas: 299-311

Tipo: Artigo

Outras publicacións en: Psicológica: Revista de metodología y psicología experimental


The present study analyzed the relationship between state/trait anxiety and false recognition using the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. In this paradigm, participants study words that are highly associated with a non-presented critical lure; subsequently, when a memory test is administered, the critical lure is consistently recognized falsely. Ten 10-word DRM lists were presented to 161 participants to study associative memory illusions. The results showed no correlation between anxiety (either state or trait assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory; STAI) and false recognition. Only the expected positive correlation between state anxiety and trait anxiety was found. Thereafter, the results were analyzed according to extreme scores on the STAI. So, high state anxiety individuals were compared with low state anxiety individuals in false recognition, and the same was done with individuals with high versus low trait anxiety. Again, these detailed analyses revealed no differences on the level of false recognition, neither between high/low state anxiety nor between high/low trait anxiety. In conclusion, these findings suggest that individuals with high state anxiety and individuals with high trait anxiety were no more prone to produce associative illusions of memory than individuals with low state and trait anxiety.

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