Convergencia en el esfuerzo en I+D

  1. Alfonso Bravo Juega
  2. Miguel Ángel Quintanilla Fisac
Papeles de economía española

ISSN: 0210-9107

Year of publication: 1995

Issue: 63

Pages: 317-323

Type: Article

More publications in: Papeles de economía española



  • Social Sciences: D


This paper deals with the question of convergence in R&D efforts among the member countries of the European Union in the period 1985-1991. It usesthe two concepts of convergence developed in the studies of Professor Sala-i-Martin on international and inter-regional convergence in per capita income. The findings indicate that there has been a process of convergence in the EU in the two aforementioned senses, and also that Spain has registered the highest rate of annual growth in R&D expenditure, as a percentage of GDP,in the EU. Lastly, the paper finds that the Community's second framework-program and Spain's national R&D plan in the period were elements that favored convergence with the EU.