Comparative validity of the OIDP and OHIP-14 in describing the impact of oral health on quality of life in a cross-sectional study performed in Spanish adults

  1. Javier Montero Martín
  2. Joaquín Francisco López
  3. Purificación Vicente Galindo
  4. Purificación Galindo-Villardón
  5. Alberto Albaladejo Martínez
  6. Manuel Bravo Pérez
Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa

ISSN: 1698-6946

Year of publication: 2011

Volume: 16

Issue: 6

Pages: 23

Type: Article

DOI: 10.4317/MEDORAL.16851 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa

Sustainable development goals


Objectives: We aimed to compare the utility and validity of two popular socio-dental indicators (OIDP and OHIP- 14) for describing the impact of oral conditions on quality of life applied simultaneously. Study design: We recruited a consecutive sample of 270 healthy Spanish workers visiting the Employment Risk Prevention Centre for a routine medical check-up. OHIP-14 was self-completed before the oral examination and the face to face interview of the OIDP was performed. Both instruments were compared by evaluating its reliability and its validity. Results and Conclusions: The standardised Cronbach alphas for OHIP-14 and OIDP were 0.89 and 0.74 respectively. OIDP showed lower face validity but higher content validity than OHIP-14. Both indicators showed high construct and criterion validity, since individuals perceiving need for dental treatment or having any complaint about their mouth obtained significantly higher total OIDP and OHIP scores than their counterparts. The prevalence of impacts was much higher using the OHIP (80.7%) than the OIDP (27.8%). © Medicina Oral S. L.