Derecha radical y populismo: ¿consustanciales o contingentes?Precisiones en torno al caso de VOX

  1. 1 Universidad Pablo de Olavide

    Universidad Pablo de Olavide

    Sevilla, España


  2. 2 Universidad de Salamanca

    Universidad de Salamanca

    Salamanca, España


Encrucijadas: Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales

ISSN: 2174-6753

Year of publication: 2021

Issue Title: Alt-right, neo-fascism and far-right movements of the 21st century

Volume: 21

Issue: 2

Type: Article

More publications in: Encrucijadas: Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales


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  • Year 2021
  • Journal Impact: 0.290
  • Field: MULTIDISCIPLINAR Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 12/106
  • Field: SOCIOLOGÍA Quartile: C2 Rank in field: 30/73


  • Social Sciences: D

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  • Year 2021
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Recently, VOX has managed to institutionalize itself in the political arena, ending the so-called “Spanish exceptionalism”. VOX has been immediately defined not only as a radical right party, but also as populist. This is in the line with a considerable part of the literature which conceives any radical right’s expression as intrinsically populist. Notwithstanding, there are reasons to question this view, which is sometimes uncritical and has little empirical foundation. Using the Discourse-Theoretical Analysis (DTA) approach, electoral manifestos and speeches are analyzed with the aim to examine in depth VOX’s discourse. Our findings show that VOX’s ideological offer is basically a nationalist narrative rooted on an antagonism between the endogroup vs. the outgroup. Hence, it is not possible to identify any attempt in order to build discursively a popular subject. In sum, our findings point the need to develop a new research agenda about the radical right which conceives populism not as inherent, but as a contingent feature. Moreover, this approach should be more nuanced and systematized, being necessarily rooted in the empirical evidence.

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