El debate sobre el Antropoceno como oportunidad para repensar la Geografía y su enseñanza

  1. Sánchez Hernández, José Luis 1
  1. 1 Profesor Titular Departamento de Geografía Universidad de Salamanca
Cuadernos geográficos de la Universidad de Granada

ISSN: 0210-5462 2340-0129

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 60

Issue: 3

Pages: 297-315

Type: Article

DOI: 10.30827/CUADGEO.V60I3.18390 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: Cuadernos geográficos de la Universidad de Granada


he notion of the Anthropocene as a geological epoch where Humankind has become a key influential force on Earth’s biophysical dynamics addresses directly to Geography, which has historically defined itself as a science focused on the study of the interaction between Society and Nature. Although Anglo-American geography has already reflected on the implications for Geography of the acceptance of the Anthropocene thesis, there is little analysis of this issue in Spain. This paper argues that, in such anthropocenic context, it is no longer possible to consider that Society is subordinated to the rule of Nature, as it was assumed by classical Geography. On the contrary, social processes are nowadays an overarching factor in the construction of territory due to the technical capacity developed by Humankind to affect the behaviour of Earth systems. This new perspective has implications for the teaching, research and applied practice of Geography which are discussed in this paper, and which can be synthesised in the need to place territorial processes at the centre of teaching, of research, and of the design of intervention policies.

Bibliographic References

  • Annals of the American Association of Geographers (2021). The Anthropocene: A Special Issue. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/24694452.2020.1859312?src=
  • Anthropocene Working Group [en línea]. URL: http://quaternary.stratigraphy.org/working-groups/anthropocene/
  • Bailly, A.S., & Ferras, R. (1997). Élements d’épistémologie de la géographie. París: Armand Colin.
  • Bakker, K. (2012). The “Matter of Nature” in Economic Geography. En T.J. Barnes, J. Peck, & E. Sheppard (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Economic Geography (pp. 104-114). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Barnes, T.J., & Christophers, B. (2018). Economic Geography. A Critical Introduction. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Barry, A., & Maslin, M. (2016). The Politics of the Anthropocene: a Dialogue. Geo. Geography and Environment, 3 (2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1002/geo2.22
  • Castells, M. (1995). La ciudad informacional. Tecnologías de la información, reestructuración económica y el proceso urbano-regional. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.
  • Castree, N. (2014a). The Anthropocene and Geography I: The Back Story. Geography Compass, 8/7, 436-449. https://doi.org/10.1111/gec3.12141
  • Castree, N. (2014b). Geography and the Anthropocene II: Current Contributions. Geography Compass, 8/7, 450-463. https://doi.org/10.1111/gec3.12140
  • Castree, N. (2014c). The Anthropocene and Geography III: Future Directions. Geography Compass, 8/7, 464-476. https://doi.org/10.1111/gec3.12139
  • Conill, J. et al. (2012). Otra vida es posible. Prácticas económicas alternativas durante la crisis. Barcelona: UOC.
  • Cózar Escalante, J.M. de (2019). El Antropoceno. Tecnología, naturaleza, y condición humana. Madrid: Los Libros de la Catarata.
  • Crutzen, P.J, & Stoermer, E.F. (2000). The Anthropocene. IGBP Newsletter, 41, 17-18. Recuperado de http://www.igbp.net/download/18.316f18321323470177580001401/1376383088452/NL41.pdf
  • Davis, H, & Todd, Z. (2017). On the Importance of a Date, or Decolonizing the Anthropocene. ACME. An International Journal for Critical Geographies, 16 (4), 761-780. Recuperado de https://acme-journal.org/index.php/acme/article/view/1539
  • Driscoll, K. (2018). Urban Geography III: Anthropocene Urbanism. Progress in Human Geography, 42 (3), 425-435. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132516686012
  • Echeverría, J. (1999). Los Señores del Aire. Telépolis y el Tercer Entorno. Barcelona: Destino.
  • Elhacham, E., Ben-Uri, L., Grozovski, J., Bar-On, Y.M.; & Milo, R. (2020). Global human-made mass exceeds all living biomass. Nature, 588, 442–444. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-3010-5
  • Gómez Mendoza, J. (2017). La Geografía Humana como ciencia social. En J. Romero (Coord.), Geografía Humana de España. Curso de Introducción (pp. 13-56). Valencia: Tirant Lo Blanch Humanidades.
  • Hobson, K. (2016). Closing the Loop of Squaring the Circle? Locating Generative Spaces for the Circular Economy. Progress in Human Geography, 40 (1), 88-104. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132514566342
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [en línea]. URL: https://www.ipcc.ch/
  • Kallis, G., & March, H. (2015). Imaginaries of Hope: The Utopianism of Degrowth. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 105 (2), 360-368. https://doi.org/10.1080/00045608.2014.973803
  • Lundvall, B.A., & Maskell, P. (2000). Nation-States and Economic Development: from National Systems of Production to National Systems of Knowledge Creation and Learning. En G.L. Clark, M.P. Feldman & M.S. Gertler (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography (pp. 353-372). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • McCann, Ph., & Ortega-Argilés, R. (2016). Smart Specialisation: Insights from the EU Experience and Implications for Other Economies. Investigaciones Regionales, 36, 279-293. Recuperado de https://investigacionesregionales.org/es/article/smart-specialisation-insights-from-the-eu-experience-and-implications-for-other-economies/
  • Montes, C., & Duque Gutiérrez, M. (2015). Ciudades resilientes en el Antropoceno: mito o realidad. Ciudad y Territorio-Estudios Territoriales, 183, 9-22. Recuperado de https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/CyTET/article/view/76390/46739
  • Moore, J.W. (2017). The Capitalocene, Part I: on the nature and origins of our ecological crisis. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 44 (3), 594-630. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2016.1235036
  • Moore, J.W. (2018). The Capitalocene, Part II: accumulation by appropriation and the centrality of unpaid work/energy. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 45 (2), 237-279. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2016.1272587
  • Murphy, A.B. (2020). Geografía. Madrid: Alianza.
  • Murphy, J.T. (2015). Human Geography and Socio-technical Transition Studies: Promising Intersections. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 17, 73-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eist.2015.03.002
  • Ortega Valcárcel, J. (2000). Los horizontes de la Geografía. Teoría de la Geografía. Barcelona: Ariel.
  • Ortega Valcárcel, J. (2004). La Geografía para el Siglo XXI. En J. Romero (Coord.), Geografía Humana. Procesos, riesgos e incertidumbres en un mundo globalizado (pp. 25-53). Barcelona: Ariel.
  • Owen, R., Mcnaghten, Ph., & Stilgoe, J. (2012). Responsible Research and Innovation: From Science in Society to Science for Society, with Society. Science and Public Policy, 39, 751-760. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scs093
  • Pacione, M. (1999). In Pursuit of Useful Knowledge: The Principles and Practice of Applied Geography. En M. Pacione (Ed.), Applied Geography: Principles and Practice. An Introduction to Useful Research in Physical, Environmental and Human Geography (pp. 3-18). Londres: Routledge.
  • Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (2020). Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano 2020. La próxima frontera. El desarrollo humano y el Antropoceno. Nueva York: PNUD.
  • Romero, J. (2001). Transición y nueva agenda de la Geografía española. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles, 31, 149-157. Recuperado de https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1122536
  • Sánchez Hernández, J.L. (Coord.) (2019). Espacios y prácticas económicas alternativas en las ciudades españolas. Cizur Menor (Navarra): Thomson-Reuters-Aranzadi.
  • Sánchez Hernández, J.L. (2020). Éticas, Geografía y Post-Pandemia: Una Cuarentena con Max Weber. En Asociación Española de Geografía, AGE y Pandemia. Reflexiones sobre la COVID-19. Recuperado de https://www.age-geografia.es/site/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/jos%C3%A9-luis-s%C3%A1nchez-v1.pdf
  • Santos, M. (2000). La naturaleza del espacio. Técnica y tiempo. Razón y emoción. Barcelona: Ariel.
  • Smith, N. (1984). Uneven Development: Nature, Capital, and the Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Soriano Clemente, C. (2021). Antropoceno. Reproducción de capital y comunismo. Madrid: Maia.
  • Steffen, W., Broadgate, W., Deutsch, L., Gaffney, O., & Ludwig, C. (2015). The Trajectory of the Anthropocene: The Great Acceleration. The Anthropocene Review, 2 (1), 81-98. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053019614564785
  • Taylor, P.J., O’Brien, G., & O’Keefe, Ph. (2016). Eleven Antitheses on Cities and States: Challenging the Mindscape of Chorography and Chronology in Anthropogenic Climate Change. ACME. An International Journal for Critical Geographies, 15 (2), 393-417. Recuperado de https://www.acme-journal.org/index.php/acme/article/view/1287
  • Valladares Ros, F., Magro, S., & Martín Forés, I. (2019). Anthropocene, the challenge for “Homo sapiens” to set its own limits. Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica, 45, 33-59. Recuperado de https://publicaciones.unirioja.es/ojs/index.php/cig/article/view/3681/3494
  • Whatmore, S. (2006). Materialist returns: Practising cultural geography in and for a more-than-human world. Cultural Geographies, 13 (4): 600-609. https://doi.org/10.1191/1474474006cgj377oa
  • Weicheselgartner, J., & Kelman, I. (2015). Geographies of Resilience: Challenges and Opportunities of a Descriptive Concept. Progress in Human Geography, 39 (3), 249-267. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132513518834
  • Young, K.R. (2019). Researching and Teaching the Anthropocene. The Geographical Review, 109, 258-264. https://doi.org/10.1111/gere.12341
  • Yusoff, K. (2018). Politics of the Anthropocene: Formation of the Commons as a Geologic Process. Antipode, 50 (1), 255-276. https://doi.org/10.1111/anti.12334
  • Ziegler, S.S. (2019). The Anthropocene in Geography. The Geographical Review, 109, 271-280. https://doi.org/10.1111/gere.12343