Land use impacts on Soil Organic Carbon Stocks in vilnius (Lithuania)

  1. Paulo Pereira
  2. Marcos Francos
  3. Igor Bogunovic
  4. Miriam Muñoz-Rojas
  5. Eric Brevik
  6. Xavier Úbeda
European Geoscience Union (EGU) 2018

Year of publication: 2018

Type: Conference paper


Land use change has tremendous impacts on soil organic carbon stocks (SOCS), especially in urban areas. Soilorganic carbon is an important variable for soil quality as well as climate change regulation and mitigation. Giventhis, it is important to know the impact of urbanization on SOCS, especially in areas affected by intense urbansprawl and land use change such as Vilnius. The objective of this work is to study the SOCS in 8 different landuses such as forests – Quercus robur, Acer plantanoides, Pinus sylvestris and Picea abis, grasslands – semi-naturalgrasslands (SNG) and managed semi-natural-grasslands (MSNG), both dominated by Taraxacum officinale,artificial grasslands (AG), and urban. In each land use, 10 topsoil samples (0-10 cm) were collected, and sand, silt,clay, stoniness, pH, bulk density (BD) electrical conductivity (EC) and SOC were analysed. The results showedthat sand content was significantly lower in urban soils compared to the other land uses, with the opposite beingtrue regarding silt, clay, stoniness and BD. Soils affected by human management (MSNG, AG and urban) had ahigh pH and EC compared to the other land uses. SOCS were significantly higher in Pinus sylvestris (121 g/kg)land use than in urban soils (38 g/kg). Principal component analysis showed that the high values of silt, clay,stoniness, BD, pH and EC were related to soils affected by intense human disturbance (AG and urban), while highlevels of sand and SOC were observed in forest areas. Overall, land use change had an important impact on soilproperties and SOCS, especially in AG and urban soils. The rapid conversion from semi-natural grasslands andforests to AG and urban areas will cause profound changes in natural soil conditions and the quality of the servicesprovided.