Microbiota Ecosystem Services in Vineyards and Wine: A Review

  1. García-Izquierdo, Isabel
  2. Colino-Rabanal, Victor J.
  3. Tamame, Mercedes
  4. Rodríguez-López, Fernando
Aldizkaria:
Agronomy

ISSN: 2073-4395

Argitalpen urtea: 2024

Alea: 14

Zenbakia: 1

Orrialdeak: 131

Mota: Artikulua

DOI: 10.3390/AGRONOMY14010131 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openSarbide irekia editor

Beste argitalpen batzuk: Agronomy

Laburpena

The domestication of vines started in Asia 11,000 years ago, although it was not until the 19th century that oenology was established as a scientific discipline thanks to the research of Louis Pasteur on the role of microorganisms in wine fermentation. At the present time, the progression in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies is helping to facilitate the identification of microbial dynamics during winemaking. These advancements have aided winemakers in gaining a more comprehensive understanding of the role of microbiota in the fermentation process, which, in turn, is ultimately responsible for the delivery of provisioning (wine features and its production), regulating (such as carbon storage by vineyards, regulation of soil quality, and biocontrol of pests and diseases) or cultural (such as aesthetic values of vineyard landscapes, scholarly enjoyment of wine, and a sense of belonging in wine-growing regions) ecosystem services. To our knowledge, this is the first review of the state of knowledge on the role of microbiota in the delivery of ecosystem services in the wine sector, as well as the possibility of valuing them in monetary terms by operating logic chains, such as those suggested by the SEEA-EA framework. This paper concludes with a review of management practices that may enhance the value of microbiota ecosystem services and the role of smart farming in this task.