Síndrome del intestino irritable

  1. Geijo Martínez, Fernándo
  2. Piñeiro Pérez, C.
  3. Calderón Begazo, R.
  4. Álvarez Delgado, Alberto
  5. Rodríguez Pérez, A.
Journal:
Medicine: Programa de Formación Médica Continuada Acreditado

ISSN: 0304-5412

Year of publication: 2012

Issue Title: Enfermedades del aparato digestivo (VI): enfermedades del tubo digestivo: intestino delgado y grueso

Series: 11

Issue: 6

Pages: 325-330

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/S0304-5412(12)70308-6 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Medicine: Programa de Formación Médica Continuada Acreditado

Sustainable development goals

Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder and is common complaint. Is defined by the Rome III criteria. Its chronic course and severity have a significant impact on quality of life and healthcare resource utilization. The role of motility and visceral hypersensitivity is considered an important pathophysiological mechanism. More recent studies have highlighted the role of serotonin, microinflammation, the intestinal flora and bacterial overgrowth. Its diagnosis is based on symptoms; the use of complementary examinations should be limited and notarized. Drug treatment is performed according to the predominant symptom and is very important stablish a "therapeutic" relation doctor-patient. We can make changes in lifestyle, exclude those foods or drugs that can precipitate symptoms and treat associated psychological disorders.